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What is Bariatric Surgery?
Bariatric surgery is a weight loss surgery. It is also called obesity surgery or weight loss surgery.
Bariatric surgery is a procedure done to help people lose weight. It can be done if you are very obese and cannot lose weight with other methods such as diet and exercise.
There are different types of bariatric surgery. The most common type is gastric bypass surgery. This type of surgery shrinks your stomach and allows food to bypass part of your small intestine.
Other types of bariatric surgery include:
- Gastric sleeve surgery – this type of surgery removes part of your stomach
- Duodenal switch – this type of surgery changes how food moves through your digestive tract
- Biliopancreatic diversion with duodenal switch – this type of surgery removes part of your stomach and changes how food moves through your digestive tract
After bariatric surgery, you will need to make changes to your diet and lifestyle. You will need to eat less and make healthier choices. You will also need to do more exercise.
Who is a candidate for bariatric surgery?
Bariatric surgery is a type of weight loss surgery performed on obese people. The surgery aims to help people lose weight and keep it off.
There are several different types of bariatric surgery, and the type that is right for a particular person will depend on a number of factors, including the person’s overall health, body mass index (BMI), and how much weight they need to lose.
People considering bariatric surgery should talk to their doctor about whether the surgery is suitable for them. In general, candidates for bariatric surgery:
Significantly overweight with a BMI of -40 or more
– Moderately overweight, having a BMI of 35 or more, and at least one serious obesity-related health condition, such as type 2 diabetes, high blood pressure, or sleep apnea.
People considering bariatric surgery should also be prepared to make lifestyle changes before and after surgery. These changes include eating a healthy diet and exercising regularly.
What can I expect in terms of weight loss after bariatric surgery?
If you’re considering bariatric surgery, you may be wondering how much weight you can expect to lose. While weight loss results vary from person to person, most people who have surgery lose a significant amount of weight.
In general, you can expect to lose about 50-75% of your excess body weight within the first or two years after surgery. For example, if you are 100 pounds overweight, you can expect to lose 50-75 pounds in the first or two years after surgery.
Of course, losing weight isn’t the only benefit of bariatric surgery. Surgery can also help improve or resolve other health conditions such as diabetes, sleep apnea, and high blood pressure.
If you are considering bariatric surgery, consult a qualified surgeon to learn more about the procedure and what you can expect in terms of weight loss and other benefits.
How long will I have to stay in the hospital after my surgery?
After the operation, you will stay in the hospital.Your length of stay will depend on the type of surgery you have had and how well you have recovered. For example, if you are going to have a laparoscopic surgery, you may only stay in the hospital for one or two nights. However, if you have a more complex surgery such as gastric bypass, you may need to stay in the hospital for up to a week. During your stay, your medical team will closely monitor your recovery and provide the necessary care. After you are discharged from the hospital, you will need to calm down at home and follow your doctor’s instructions for recovery. With proper care and rest, you can make a full recovery from your surgery.
What kind of diet will I need to follow after my surgery?
The best way to make sure you are getting the nutrients your body needs after surgery is to eat a healthy and balanced diet. This means eating a variety of foods from each food group, including:
- fruits and vegetables
- whole grains
- lean protein sources
- low-fat dairy products
If you have certain dietary restrictions or allergies, you may need to make some changes to your diet. Be sure to talk to your doctor or dietitian before surgery so they can help you plan ahead.
In general, it’s important to avoid processed foods, sugary drinks, and excessive amounts of saturated and unhealthy fats. You should also limit your salt and alcohol intake. These substances can contribute to dehydration and interfere with the healing process.
It is also important not to be dehydrated after surgery. Drink plenty of fluids throughout the day, including water, unsweetened tea and 100% fruit juice. Avoid caffeinated drinks as they can cause dehydration.
What kind of exercise should I do after my surgery?
There are a few things to consider when choosing exercises to do after surgery. First, you should consult your doctor to make sure that exercises are safe for you, depending on the type of surgery you have and your current health. Second, you want to focus on exercises that don’t strain your surgical site too much. Third, it’s important to start slowly and gradually increase the intensity of your workouts as you recover.
Some good exercises to start after surgery include walking, light stretching, and light weight lifting. Walking is a great way to do low-impact cardio exercises and can also help reduce swelling around the surgical site. Stretching helps keep the muscles around the surgical site flexible and can also help reduce scar tissue. Light weightlifting helps preserve muscle mass and can also aid the healing process by promoting blood flow.
As always, listen to your body and don’t push yourself too soon. If something hurts, stop doing it. And check with your doctor regularly to make sure you’re recovering properly and not overdoing your workouts.
Are there any lifestyle changes I need to make after my surgery?
After surgery, your lifestyle will change in several ways. You will need to take care of your cuts, take pain medication, and avoid strenuous activities. You may also need to make changes to your diet and sleep habits. Some things to keep in mind after surgery:
Incision care: Keep your incisions clean and dry. You may need to shower with a special soap and use a sterile dressing. Your doctor will give you specific instructions.
Pain management: You will likely experience some pain and discomfort after surgery. Your doctor will prescribe you pain medication.Make sure you take medications as directed.
Activity: Avoid strenuous activities for at least six weeks after surgery. This includes lifting, pushing or pulling objects over 10 pounds. Walking is generally encouraged, but you should avoid long walks or walks.
Diet: After surgery, you may need to make changes to your diet, such as eating smaller meals more often or avoiding high-fat foods. Your doctor will give you specific instructions.
Sleep: It is important to get enough rest after surgery. You may need to sleep more than usual for the first few weeks. Avoid lying face down or on your side to avoid putting pressure on your cuts.
What are the potential complications of bariatric surgery?
Bariatric surgery is associated with a number of potential complications that can be grouped into three main categories: surgical complications, nutritional deficiencies, and psychological problems.
Surgical complications include bleeding, infection, and leaks from the gastrointestinal tract. Bleeding may occur during or after surgery and may require a blood transfusion. Infection may occur at the incision site or abdominal cavity and may require antibiotics. Leaks from the gastrointestinal tract are relatively rare but can be life-threatening.
Nutritional deficiencies can occur if surgery results in malabsorption of nutrients or if the patient does not consume enough calories and protein. Malabsorption can lead to deficiencies of vitamins A, D, E, K, and B12, as well as iron, calcium, and folate. Protein deficiency can cause muscle wasting and weakness. Patients who have undergone bariatric surgery need to take vitamin and mineral supplements for the rest of their lives.
Psychological problems such as depression, anxiety and body dysmorphic disorder are common after bariatric surgery. These problems may be related to changes in body image after surgery or difficulties adapting to a new way of eating. Some patients also develop eating disorders such as anorexia nervosa or bulimia nervosa after surgery.